Traumatic Brain Injury

Among all age groups in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, car crashes are the leading cause of TBI-related death (31.8 percent). Motor vehicle-related TBI death rates were highest among persons aged 15 to 24 years, the CDC found in a 10-year study released in 2011. TBI deaths in car accidents were also 2.4 times higher among males than among females. A study conducted by the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia found that of 55,542 teenage drivers and their passengers who suffered serious personal injury in a car crash during 2009 and 2010, the most frequent injuries (30 percent) were acute head injuries, including concussions, skull fractures and traumatic brain injuries (TBI).

What Is Traumatic Brain Injury?

TBI is most often caused by a violent blow or jolt to the head or body that forces the brain to slam violently against the inside of the skull, or from an object penetrating the skull and brain, the Mayo Clinic says.

Though air bags are an important and effective safety feature in motor vehicles today, passengers and drivers in car accidents frequently bang their heads. In some crashes, torn parts of the vehicle can penetrate a person's head. Some studies have also found that if car occupants are not properly restrained with lap and shoulder belts, they can be thrown into other occupants and cause injury, including TBI.

Medical Texts Generally Address Three Levels Of Traumatic Brain Injury:

  • Concussion — A concussion is usually a temporary and relatively mild condition caused by a blow to the head. It may involve a short loss of consciousness. Symptoms of a concussion include headache and problems with balance, coordination, concentration, memory and judgment. Concussion victims need to be monitored to ensure their injury is not worse. But after a period of rest, most concussion victims fully recover.
  • Post-concussion syndrome — In some cases, symptoms of a concussion persist for a few months to a year or more after a blow to the head. Post-concussion syndrome sufferers may develop anxiety and depression.
  • Severe TBI — When bruising, torn tissue, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain occur, it is considered to be a severe traumatic brain injury. A closed injury TBI is an injury caused by movement of the brain within the skull. A penetrating TBI is a wound in which a foreign object has penetrated the skull and torn into brain tissue.

Severe TBI can result in nerve damage, cognitive impairment (learning, judgment, memory, etc.), emotional or behavioral changes (outbursts, mood swings, depression, etc.), sensory and communication impairments, or coma. These are often lifelong disabilities that may adversely affect or destroy a person's ability to work for a living or even take care of themselves. Some severe TBI patients develop degenerative brain disease, which eventually causes their death.

Contact Our Myrtle Beach Car Accident Lawyers

The Maguire Law Firm seeks justice for car accident victims who have suffered a traumatic brain injury because of another driver's negligence. We help South Carolina car crash TBI patients in Horry, Georgetown and Marion counties.

If you or a loved one of yours has suffered a TBI injury in a car accident in Myrtle Beach or elsewhere in South Carolina, we can help you. Contact us online, or call the Maguire Law Firm at 843-491-5044.

Sources:

  • CDC Injury Prevention & Control: Traumatic Brain Injury
  • CDC Surveillance for Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Deaths United States, 1997-2007
  • Mayo Clinic Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Mayo Clinic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute Miles to go: Monitoring Progress in Teen Driver Safety