Safety features in new cars are credited with helping to protect people from death or serious injury in traffic accidents. Recently, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety released its vehicle safety ratings, raising its standards for "good" or "acceptable" ratings. Only 39 vehicles earned the organization's safety awards for 2014. As a group, the subcompact cars performed poorly in crash tests. The Insurance Institute required vehicles to have "good" ratings in roof strength, head restraint, overlap front, and side tests to make its Top Safety Pick list. They also had to earn a good or acceptable rating in a recently-introduced small overlap front test. This test assesses a car's ability to withstand a crash in which 25 percent of its front end on the driver's side strikes a rigid barrier at 40 mph, as would happen if a car hit a light pole or clipped another car. These crashes can be tragic as they bypass the structural elements of the vehicle, a senior IIHS research official told KABC in Los Angeles. The occupant compartment can collapse if a vehicle is not structurally prepared for these accidents. Among the vehicles making the Top Safety Pick list with a "good" rating in the small overlap test were the Honda Civic (2-door), Subaru Impreza, Subaru XV Crosstrek and Volvo XC90. The Institute's Top Safety Pick+ list is even harder to make and includes having a front crash prevention system, like automatic braking or forward collision warning. This technology helps drivers avoid rear-end crashes common with distracted driving. Vehicles on the Top Safety Pick+ list with "good" ratings in the small overlap test were the Honda Civic (4-door), Mazda 3, Honda Accord (4-door), Acura RLX, Volvo S60, Volvo S80 and Volvo XC60, Subaru Forester, Mitsubishi Outlander, Mazda CX-5 and Honda Odyssey, among others.
Aiming for EfficiencyMuch of the new technology in trucks is designed to make the transport of goods more efficient, according to a recent report in Forbes. No longer does dispatch have to use the radio or telephone to track down a shipment or find out why a trucker is delayed. Onboard systems using satellite and cellular technology can pinpoint the location of a truck, how fast it’s traveling and where it’s been.Sandy Hodes, senior vice president for Ryder System Inc., a leading truck rental and leasing company,told Forbes that the tracking systems are the future of trucking. They can deliver minute-by-minute information back to headquarters and can pinpoint why a shipment is late or what was happening in the moments leading up to an accident.RydeSmart, from Ryder, tracks trucks using an iPad or iPhone, assessing fuel-tax information and hours of service in an effort to comply with new standards from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.Another on-board system,SmartDrive Systems, uses video-based technology to detect when truckers are following other vehicles too closely, speeding or braking hard. GreenRoad, a Web-based safety product,provides truckers with feedback on their safety, displaying green, yellow, or red lights. The maker of this product says it can reduce the costs associated with truck accidents by 60% for a company.Hodes says companies are battling to improve productivity while staying within the stricter drive-time guidelines. No longer can they force drivers to take risks like long hours behind the wheel in order to delivera shipment on time. Now, speed and safety must be balanced.
Size Makes Trucks DeadlyIn 2012, 317,000 commercial trucks were involved in some kind of car crash, indicating a serious problem.The sheer size of commercial trucks makes them deadly when they involved in a high speed collision. It’s no wonder that when a truck is in a collision with asmaller car, the occupants of thesmaller vehicle are much more likely to be seriously injured. Among those killed in truck accidents in 2012, 73 percent were occupants in other vehicles.Truckers may not like the technological scrutiny. But traffic fatalities are unacceptable, particularly when they can be prevented with onboard technology.
Most people believe there is some continuum of drunkenness. There is pass-out drunk on one end of the scale, drunk and tipsy somewhere in the middle, and something known as "buzzed" for those who may have only had a single drink or two. But a new study says that even those at the buzzed end of the spectrum are at risk of causing serious car accidents. In South Carolina, as in the rest of the U.S., a driver is considered intoxicated if they have a blood alcohol content (BAC) of 0.08 percent or higher. Most people think that means they are perfectly capable of driving as long as they don't exceed the legal limit. But the blood alcohol limit is far from the perfect measurement of sobriety or safety. As reported by Reuters Health, researchers with the University of California San Diego looked at a national database of more than 570,000 auto accidents between 1994 and 2011. What they found was that there is no real "safe" level of alcohol consumption before getting behind the wheel.
When it comes to keeping your child safe in the car, cautious driving is paramount. Yet even the most careful driver can be involved in a serious accident. A child safety seat could determine whether your child remains safe. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration wants to make sure car seats are up to the task of protecting children in auto crashes. NHTSA Acting Administrator David Friedman announced the agency's plan to toughen standards for car safety seats, according to a report by the Associated Press. The agency will test car seats for the first time on their ability to withstand side-impact crashes. Traffic safety researchers estimate the proposed changes would save the lives of five children each year and prevent car accident injuries to 64 children. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that an estimated 1,200 children under the age of 15 were killed in auto accidents in a recent year, and 171,000 were injured. Many of these injuries and deaths may have been prevented with proper use of safety seats. One study found that more than 618,000 children ride in vehicles without child safety seats or age-appropriate boosters at least some of the time. This is significant because proper use of these seats can reduce the risk of death by 71% for infants and 54% for toddlers. Booster seats can reduce the risk of serious injury by 45% for children ages 4 to 8.
Drivers Admit Speeding is a ProblemA recent survey from the NHTSA indicates half of drivers acknowledge speeding is a problem. The National Survey of Speeding Attitudes and Behavior found that despite the fact that half of drivers acknowledge that speeding is a dangerous problem, one in five admits to trying to get to their destinations as fast as possible.Four out of five respondents say that driving at or near the speed limit reduces the risk of an auto accident and makes it easier to avoid dangerous situations. More than 90 percent agree that everyone should obey the speed limits.Yet, more than one-quarter of drivers who responded say they speed without thinking and they enjoy going fast. Some said speeding isn’t necessarily dangerous for “skilled drivers.”
Reasons (Excuses) for SpeedingWhy we speed depends on personal motivations. Many people speed simply because that’s how they’ve always driven. They may not be in a hurry, but will pass vehicles and engage in dangerous driving simply because that’s how they drive.The National Safety Council suggests the following reasons people speed:
- They don’t believe they will get a ticket.
- They are late or in a hurry.
- They don’t think their driving is dangerous and likely see themselves as a “skilled” driver.
- They aren’t paying attention to their speed.
- They don’t believe the laws apply to them or don’t take speed limits seriously.
Speeding FactsSome people are more likely to speed and some locations are more inviting to people inclined to speed. Here are some basic facts on speeding:
- Men are more likely to speed than women.
- Inexperienced drivers between the ages of 16 and 20 are most likely to admit to speeding.
- Young drivers between the ages of 16 and 20 are also most likely to be involved in a speed-related accident.
- Speed-related accidents claim over 13,000 lives each year.
- Work zones and school zones are known trouble-spots for speeders, where compliance with lower speed limits is poor.
- 47% of speed-related accidents happen on roads with posted speed limits of 50 mph or less, not on major highways, contrary to what most people think.
Revealing Numbers about Distracted DrivingPeter Kissinger, president and CEO of the foundation, says it’s noteworthy that teens aren’t texting as often as we would think. Because of their lack of experience, teen drivers are susceptible to distracted driving crashes. Perhaps teens are taking to heart the warnings against using the phone while driving. But it’s troubling that adults would throw caution to the wind and put others at risk.The American Automobile Association gathered the data as part of the 2013 Traffic Culture Index, sampling 2,325 licensed drivers ages 16 and older who reported driving within the past month. About two-thirds reported using their phone while driving in the past 30 days. Only 20 percent of teens reported using their phone while driving “often” or “regularly.”
Recently, WMBF News carried a story regarding local law enforcement and accident reconstruction. This is the process of determining what happened in an auto accident by recreating it on paper or with computer animation. But crash reconstruction is not an exact science and mistakes are often made. What happened in an accident is usually a matter of one's perspective. However, determining exactly how an accident unfolded is crucial to ensuring the right person is held responsible for an accident. Accidents often result in tragic injuries and exorbitant costs. The driver at fault may have to compensate victims for their injuries and other costs associated with a crash. When there is a question as to who is at fault, getting to the bottom of what caused the crash can be a lengthy and complex process. In some cases, one driver isn't 100% to blame. Other drivers may have also contributed to the wreck. As a result, multiple drivers may have to carry some of the responsibility.
Children face potential danger every day - and often as not, the danger lies at home. A new study reveals that on average a child is taken to the emergency room every single hour due to injuries related to high chairs. The research suggests we can't disregard the risks of such a seemingly benign household product. Parents try to prevent accidents that injure their children by blocking electrical outlets and guarding household chemicals. But even the most cautious parents may be unable to protect their children from defective and unsafe products, like some high chairs and booster seats.
- In 92 total trips studied, distracted driving happened in 90 percent of cases.
- In an average 16-minute car trip, parents spent three minutes and 22 seconds with their eyes off the road.
- Parents engaged in conversations with their children 16 percent of the time.
- Seven percent of the time, parents reached into the back seat to pass food and drinks.
- In one percent of the trips, parents actually played with their children.
- Turning around to interact or looking in the rearview mirror took place in 76 percent of cases.
How to Reduce Back-Seat DistractionsWe talk about shutting off your phone or placing it in your glove box to reduce distractions. But you can’t use those techniques for eliminating distractions from your child passengers. However, you can give your children their own distractions.You can provide a toy or book for children to look at while riding. Make sure it’s attached to the car seat to prevent them from dropping it. The last thing you want to do is dig around for a lost toy while driving.Give your children their snack or drinks before you begin your trip. If you need to wait, pull over to hand it to them. Passing things back and forth between the back and front seats is a major distraction.Begin talking with your child about the importance of driver safety at a very young age. If your children know how important it is to remain quiet and occupied while riding in the car, they will be less likely to demand your attention when your eyes should be on the road.The study from Monash University also indicated children were in the wrong position in their car seats more than 70 percent of the time. This is significant because not only could this lead to distractions, but in the event of an accident a child might not be protected from serious injury. Positioning your child’s safety seat correctly and ensuring that the child is properly secured can help keep everyone safe.Distracted driving is blamed in thousands of accidents every year. Many distractions — like cellphone use and reaching into the back seat — are entirely avoidable.This latest study shows distractions can take many forms. Eating breakfast on your commute, changing the radio station, or tickling the feet of your little one could all lead to a serious accident.
Prepare Your CarBe sure your car is in good working condition before winter weather strikes. Having a mechanic look over your car will prevent problems. The last thing you want is to be stranded on the side of the road with engine trouble in cold conditions. CarTalk.com offers other winter readiness tips.Maintain your car with regular oil changes, tune-ups, and general maintenance. This includes inspecting wires and hoses for cracks or damage, making sure your battery is ready for the winter, and checking your cooling/antifreeze system.Ensure your tires are ready. If you are on the verge of needing new tires, get them before a winter storm comes, Driving on ice is hard enough but becomes nearly impossible when you don’t have much tread. Likewise, keep tires inflated properly and routinely check them for nails and damage.Check wiper blades and windshield washer fluid. If conditions are icy or snowy, you’ll depend on your wiper blades and washer fluid to maintain good visibility. Winter wiper blades are available to keep ice from accumulating.Clear snow and ice from your car before you hit the road. Not only is a cleared car easier to spot in a storm, making sure all of the ice is gone will help improve your visibility as well.Driving on IceIcy roads don’t typically last long in the Myrtle Beach area. But when streets are frozen, accidents are frequent. These tips from the Weather Channel will help to reduce your risk of being involved in an accident when the roads are slick:
- Stay home. Whenever possible, don’t go out when the roads are bad. A good rule of thumb is if school has been canceled, you should stay home too.
- Leave extra room. If you must drive, leave extra room between you and the cars around you. It takes longer to stop and to maneuver when the roads are icy.
- Keep your headlights on and your windshield clean. Seeing and being seen are crucial when the weather is bad. This is especially true if sleet or snow is still coming down.
- Brake gently. Know your car. If you have anti-lock brakes, apply them gently when coming to a stop. If you don’t, lightly pump the brakes when you need to slow down or stop on the ice.
- Use low gears to maintain traction. This is especially useful on hills.
- Be especially careful on bridges and overpasses. These areas are usually the first to ice over and the last to thaw, so they are often more slippery than surface streets.
- Don’t bank on your four-wheel drive. Four-wheel drive vehicles are great in the snow, but aren’t that much better on ice than those with two-wheel drive. In other words, drive slowly and cautiously no matter what.